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旅游常用英语之北京篇:游长城

http://en.jybest.cn  爱思英语    2015-09-22    

 

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  A Trip to the Great Wall

  游长城

  Key sentences(重点句子)

  387.We're approaching Badaling and you will see the Great Wall in a short while.

  我们快到八达岭了,你们很快就会看到长城。

  388.What's the length of Great Wall?

  长城究竟有多长?

  389.The Great Wall meanders from east to west for about6,000 kilometers or 12,000 li.

  长城从东到西蜿蜒约 6,000 公里,也就是12,000里。

  390.And it was built more than 2,000 years ago?

  是在2,000多年前建的吗?

  391,Yes,construction of the Wall first began during the Warring states Period about 2,500 years ago.

  是的,长城最早修建于约2,500年前的战国时期。

  392.When Qin Shihuang or the First Emperor unified China in 221 BC,he decided to have the various sections of the walls linked up and also extended.From that we got the Great Wall.

  秦始皇于公元前221年统一中国后,决定把这些不同的城墙连起来并加长,于是我们便有了长城。

  393.In the subsequent dynasties,the Great Wall was rebuiltmany times.

  在后来的各个朝代,长城又被多次修建。

  394.The last massive rebuilding of the Great Wall was in Ming Dynasty.

  长城的最后一次大规模重建是在明朝。

  395.Please remember the number of our bus.

  请大家记住汽车号码。

  396.Please remember to come here before 11 o'clock.

  请记住11点前赶回来。

  397.What are those towers on the Wall spaced at regular distances from one another?

  城墙上每隔一段就有的那些塔是什么?

  398.They are beacon fire towers.

  那是烽火台。

  399.A few more steps will bring us to the top.

  再走几步我们就到顶了。

  400.This is such a lovely place.

  这地方令人心旷神恰。

  401.Green mountains roll over one another.

  青山层峦叠嶂。

  402.Lush trees dot the slopes.

  绿树点缀山岗。

  403.I also want to tell you a well-known legend.

  我还想告诉你们一个众所周知的传说。

  404.In 221 BC,in Shanxi Province there was a poor scholar.

  公元前221年,山西有一位穷书生。

  405.He was discovered by a beautiful young girl named Meng Jiangnu.

  一位叫孟姜女的漂亮姑娘发现了他。

  406.But on their wedding day he was seized by the emperor's soldirs and taken to the Great Wall to work.

  但是在他们结婚的那天,皇帝的士兵把他抓走了,带他去修长城。

  407.For months and months,Meng Jiangnu waited for her husband to return but there was no news of him.

  一月又一月,孟姜女等待她的丈夫归来,却杳无音信。

  408.Finally she decided to go to the Great Wall to look for him.

  最后,她决定到长城去找他。

  409.In great despair she knelt by the wall and wept for three days and three nights.

  在极度绝望中,她跪在长城边哭了三天三夜。

  Dialogue A

  (A:Tourist Guide Hua B:American Tourist C:An other Tourist)

  A:We're approaching Badaling and you will see the Great Wall in a short while.

  B:Wonderful!We've been waiting for it so long.

  C:Hua,what's the length of the Great Wall?

  A:The Great Wall meanders from east to west for about6,000 kilometers or 12,000 li.That's why we call it in Chinese“Wan Li Chang Cheng”, Which literally means“Ten Thousand Li Long Wall”。

  B: And it was built more than 2,000 years ago?

  A:Yes,construction of the Wall first began during the War-ring States period about 2,500 years ago.Some kingdoms built huge walls hoping to protect their territories.When Qin Shihuang or the First Emperor unified China in 221BC,he decided to have the various sections of the walls linked up and also extended.From that we got the Great Wall.

  B:And that's what we're going to see, right?

  A:No,not really.The Qin Great Wall hasn't got much left today.In the subsequent dynasties,the Great Wall was rebuilt many times.The last massive rebuilding of the Great wall was in Ming Dynasty.The Great Wall we shall see at Badaling was rebuilt then.Oh,here we are.Please remember the number of our bus.Should you go astray from the group' as I know some younger members of our group would like to have a quick climb to the top,please remember to come here before 11 o'clock.

  B:Hua,what are those towers on the wall spaced at regular distances from one another?

  A:They are beacon fire towers.In ancient times,if attacked by enemies the guards would set off smoke in the day- time and bonfire at night to alarm troops stationed along the wall.

  B:I see Bob and Mark are already on the wall.Let's quicken our steps.

  A:Please watch your step.It's very steep here and the surface is a little slippery.

  B:I now understand why you told us to wear no high heeledshoes.

  A:Shall I give you a hand,Catherine?

  C:No,no.I'm doing fine with the help of the banisters.

  B:Hold on.A few more steps will bring us to the top.

  A:Now,this is the furthest point we can go.Beyond here,the wall has not been restored yet.Why don't we sit down and rest for a while before we turn back?

  C:This is such a lovely place!Green mountains roll over one another.Lush trees dot the slopes.A gentle breeze caresses us and the Great Wall winds its way like a giant serpent.

  A:I also want to tell you a well-known legend.In 221 B.C.,in ShanXi Province there was a poor scholar.One day the soldiers came to his village and seized every man in sight,but the scholar managed to escape by hiding himself in agarden.He was discovered by a beautiful young girlnamed Meng Jiangnu who helped him.Soon they fell in love.But on their wedding day he was seized by the emperor's soldiers and taken to the Great Wall to work.For months and months,Meng Jiangnu waited for her husband to return but there was no news of him.Finally she decided to go to the Great Wall to look for him.After a long and hard journey,she arrived at the beginning of the wall,at Shanhaiguan by the sea.After searching for him for many weeks,she finally gave up her hope.In great despair she knelt by the wall and wept for three days and three nights.The wall,weakened by her tears,collaped around here and there,where great stones hadonce been,lay the dead body of her husband.Meng Jiangnu was heart-broken.She threw herself into the sea and drowned.If you get the chance to go to Shanhaiguan you'll see a temple dedicated to her memory over-looking the sea.

  B:Well,Wang,you are not only knowlegeable about history,but also have the gift of the gab!

  Words and Expressions

  meander v.迂回曲折地前进

  territory n.领土,领域

  link up 连结起来

  subsequent a.随后的

  slippery a.滑的,狡猾的

  banisters n.楼梯栏杆

  lush a.葱翠的

  dot v.点缀

  caress v.爱抚,抚摸

  legend n.传奇,传说

  dedicate v.奉献、献(身)……

  be~d to 献身于……

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