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新托福阅读考试题型详细剖析

http://en.eol.cn  来源:  作者:网络  2012-12-24    

 

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  新托福阅读考试中偶尔会出现的“新题型”往往会令许多考生感到茫然和恐慌,不过新托福考试名师认为大家对“新题型”完全没必要害怕,下面名师就将给我们详细分析新托福阅读考试OG中没出现的各种“新题型”。

  其实这些新题型并不是进入2009年,2010年以或者是2011年新出现的题型。这些题型其实是新托福考试自从诞生之日起,就已经出现了的题型,但是由于ETS的官方指南一直没有将这部分题型列入其中,因此是等到“新托福突破口——TPO”出现之后,才慢慢被人们知晓的,在这之前,只有传言,但是都是捕风捉影。话不多说,妙文开始!

  新托福考试OG列出了阅读的10种题型:

  1. Factual information questions (纯粹细节)

  2. Negative factual information questions (否定细节)

  3. Inference questions (推理题)

  4. Rhetorical purpose questions (修辞目的题)

  5. Vocabulary questions (词汇题)

  6. Reference questions (指代题)

  7. Sentence simplification questions (句子简化题)

  8. Insert text question (句子插入题)

  9. Prose summary (内容摘要题)

  10. Fill in a table (表格归类题)

  但实际上,新托福考试阅读当中还考了一些OG中没列举出来的题目:

  一.段间关系概括题:这种题目要求考生概括出2个自然段间的逻辑关系。比如说《THE CAMBRIAN EXPLOSION》这篇文章的第6题。

  6. Which of the following best describes the relationship between Paragraph2 and Paragraph3?

  Paragraph2 puts forward several scientific claims, one of which is rejected in Paragraph3

  Paragraph2 poses several questions, and Paragraph3offers a possible answer to one of them

  Paragraph2 presents outdated traditional views, while Paragraph3presents the current scientific conclusions.

  Paragraph2 introduces a generalization that is illustrated by specific examples in Paragraph3

  二.修辞手法题:这种题目是修辞目的的变体。OG中大多数题目只考察一个词组的修辞目的,而实际考试会对一句话甚至整段话的修辞目的进行考察。一个是考修辞对象,一个是考修辞的手段。比如说,《Meteorite Impact and Dinosaur Extinction》这篇文章第2题:

  2. In paragraph 2, why does the author include the information that dinosaurs had flourished for tens of millions of years and then suddenly disappeared?

  To support the claim that the mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous is the best-documented of the dozen or so mass extinctions in the geological record

  To explain why as many as half of the species on Earth at the time are believed to have become extinct at the end of the Cretaceous

  To explain why paleontologists have always been intrigued by the mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous

  To provide evidence that an impact can be large enough to disturb the environment of the entire planet and cause an ecological disaster

  三.段落结构题:这里题目考查的是文章段落的构架,可以算是新题型。比如:《THE ORIGINS OF THEATER》这篇文章的第9题,

  9. Which of the following best describes the organization of paragraph 5?

  The author presents two theories for a historical phenomenon.

  The author argues against theories expressed earlier in the passage.

  The author argues for replacing older theories with a new one.

  The author points out problems with two popular theories.

  四. 段落主题题:这种题目考查的是整个段落的主题,可以说是老托福段落主题题的延续:

  比如《Petroleum Resources》这篇文章的12题:

  12.In paragraph 6, the author’s primary purpose is to

  Provide examples of how oil exploration can endanger the environment

  Describe accidents that have occurred when oil activities were in progress

  Give an analysis of the effects of oil spills on the environment

  Explain how technology and legislation help reduce oil spills

  五. 双选题:其实不仅仅在听力考试之中有双选题,阅读考试之中也是有双选题的,只是ETS有可能觉得这点并不重要,因此没有通知偶们,例子请见:《The Geologic History of the Mediterranean》这篇文章第5题。

  5. Select the TWO answer choice from paragraph 3 that identify materials discovered in the deepest part of the Mediterranean basin. To receive credit you must select TWO answers.

  Volcanic rock fragments.

  This silt layers

  Soft, deep-sea mud

  Crystalline salt


 

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