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GMAT改革:13版OG语法部分解析

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  《GMAT官方指南(第13版)》面世,揭晓改革后的GMAT全貌.新GMAT将于6月5日开考,都有哪些改变?GMAT老师权威解析13版OG……语法、阅读、逻辑全解析……
  13版OG的阅读的总体难度变化不大,但是文章中观点的论证更加充分,观点与论证的结合更加紧密,文章整体在逻辑严密性上和完整性上有所提高。文章和题目的长度也基本与12th官方指南持平。题目没有新题型出现。

  12th 官方指南的文章数目为24篇,而13th 官方指南的文章数目为26篇,但题目数量仍然是139道。13th 官方指南中主旨题的比例由原来的15.1%变为现在的15.8%,而逻辑题的比例保持3%不变。

  新文章共7篇,其中2长5短,2篇商科类文章,2篇社会科学类文章,2篇生物学文章,1篇天体物理学文章

  新题共27道,题号是:1-4,11-17,37-41,52-55,84-86,111-114

  其中主旨结构题7道,细节题20道

  [样题分析]

  Biologists have advanced two theories to explain why schooling of fish occurs in so many fish species. Because schooling is particularly wide spread among species of small fish, both theories assume that schooling offers the advantage of some protection from predators.

  Proponents of theory A dispute the assumption that a school of thousands of fish is highly visible. Experiments have shown that any fish can be seen, even in very clear water, only within a sphere of 200 meters in diameter. When fish are in a compact group, the sphere of visibility overlap. Thus, the chance of a predator finding the school is only slightly greater than the chance of the predator finding a single fish swimming alone. Schooling is advantageous to the individual fish because a predator's chance of finding any particular fish swimming in the school is much smaller than its chance of finding at least one of the same group of fish if the fish were dispersed throughout an area.

  However, critics of theory A point out that some fish form schools even in areas where predators are abundant and thus little possibility foexcaping detection exists. They argue that the school continues to be of value to its members even after detection. They advocate theory B, the "confusion effect," which can be explained in two different ways.

  Sometimes, proponents argue, predators simply cannot decide which fish to attack. This indecision supposedly results from a predator's preference for striking prey that is distinct from the rest of the school in appearance. In many schools the fish are almost indentical in appearance, making it difficult for a predator to select one. The second explanation for the "confusion effect" has to do with the sensory confusion caused by a large number of prey moving around the predator. Even if the predator makes the decision to attack a particular fish, the movement of other prey in the school can be distracting. The predator's difficulty can be compared to that of a tennis player trying to hit a tennis ball when two are approaching simultaneously.

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