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GMAT语法指代类型题目总结

http://en.eol.cn  来源:  作者:新东方  2014-09-19    

 

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  总结:代词指代,就近指代 or按逻辑意思指代?

  总结:代词指代,就近指代 or按逻辑意思指代?

  在总结时发现代词指代很值得讨论:

  观点:代词指代按逻辑意思指代,而非就近指代;

  有的表面上看是就近指代,但根本还是按逻辑意思来指代。

  1. 代词指代按逻辑意思指代,而非就近指代。

  举例:XDF-S7-T24,XDF-S12-T21

  XDF-S7-T24

  24. Several years ago the diet industry introduced a variety of appetite suppressants, but some of these drugs caused stomach disorders severe enough to have them banned by the Food and Drug Administration.

  (A) stomach disorders severe enough to have them

  (B) stomach disorders that were severe enough so they were

  (C) stomach disorders of such severity so as to be

  (D) such severe stomach disorders that they were

  (E) such severe stomach disorders as to be

  The answer is D.

  其中

  but some of these drugs caused such severe stomach disorders that they were banned by the Food and Drug Administration.

  “they ” 按逻辑意思指代drugs,而非就近指代。

  XDF-S12-T21

  21. The filibuster, a parliamentary device that slows the snail’s pace that prevails even in the best of times in congressionalsessions and tests the endurance of everyone associated with it, seems more and more an anachronism in the age of telecommunications.

  (A) sessions and tests the endurance of everyone associated with it, seems

  (B) sessions and tests the endurance of everyone who is associated with it, seeming to be

  (C) sessions, tests the endurance of everyone associated with it, seems

  (D) sessions, that tests the endurance of everyone associated with it and seems

  (E) sessions, testing the endurance of everyone associated with it and seeming

  The answer is A.

  其中

  a parliamentary device that slows( the snail’s pace that prevails even in the best of times in congressional sessions) and tests ( the endurance of everyone associated with it)

  即a parliamentary device that slows …and tests…

  it按逻辑意思指代 a parliamentary device , 而非就近指代。

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