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【备考】职称英语词汇:常用前/后缀

 表示时间的前缀:

  1.fore-:before 前、预先

  forecast v.& n.预测;预示

  例句:

  Such events may forecast an outbreak of war.

  这些事件可能预示着战争的爆发。

  foretell v.预言;预告

  例句:

  We can't foretell how the world will end.

  我们不能预言世界将如何终结。

  foreground n.前景

  例句:

  The figure in the foreground is the artist's mother.

  图画前景中的人是画家的母亲。

  foresee vt.预见;预知

  例句:

  It is difficult to foresee the consequences that may arise from this action.

  预见这一行动可能产生的后果是困难的。

  2.pre-:before 之前

  prehistory n.史前

  例句:

  In the long period,the researches of prehistory are abundant.

  在漫长的时间长河中,对于史前文明的研究可谓浩瀚如星海。

  prerequisite n.先决条件;

  例句:

  Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.

  良好的自尊心是幸福生活的先决条件。

  prelude n.序言前奏曲;序幕

  例句:

  The rural reform has opened the prelude of China's reform and opening-up.

  农村改革揭开了中国改革开放的序幕。

  3.pro-:预先的

  prologue n.序言,序幕;

  例句:

  The prologue of the book is a famous writer.

  这本书的序言是由一个著名作家写的。

  prophet n.先知,预言家

  E.g.He holds the belief that he is a latter-day prophet.

  他深信自己是当代先知。

  4.post-:after 之后

  postwar n.战后

  例句:

  During the postwar years in Germany,many honors were heaped upon Einstein.

  在战后的岁月里,爱因斯坦在德国得到了种种荣誉。

  postgraduate n.研究生

  例句:

  She has satisfied the entrance requirements for a postgraduate.

  她符合研究生入学条件。

  5.retro-:back往后的

  retrograde adj.倒退的

  例句:

  This is,as far as we're concerned,a real retrograde step for human rights.

  对我们而言,这是在人权问题上真正倒退的一步。

  retrospect v.& n.回顾

  例句:

  It was,in retrospect,the happiest day of her life.

  回想起来,那是她一生幸福的日子。

  常用名词后缀:

  1.-an:

  electrician n.电工;电气技师

  例句:

  The electrician took the houselights down.

  电工将剧场中观众席上的灯光减弱了一点。

  physician n.[医] 医师,内科医师

  例句:

  He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.

  他喜欢当外科医生而不愿作内科医生。

  2.-ant,-ent:

  applicant n.申请人

  例句:

  The job applicant must have good verbal skills.

  应聘这份工作的人必须具有良好的语言表达技能。

  correspondent n.通信者

  例句:The newspaper has a foreign correspondent.

  这家报纸有个外国通讯记者。

  3.-ard:

  coward n.懦夫,懦弱的人

  例句:

  She accused her husband of being a coward.

  她指责自己的丈夫是个胆小鬼。

  drunkard n.酒鬼,醉汉

  例句:

  That drunkard flung out the empty bottle.

  那个醉汉把空瓶扔了出来。

  4.-ee:

  employee n.雇员

  例句:

  The boss dismissed that employee.

  老板解雇了那个雇员。

  examinee n.应试者

  例句:

  It required that every examinee put down his/her name on the answer sheet.

  要求所有考生都把自己的姓名写在答题纸上。

  5.-eer:

  pioneer n.开拓者,先锋

  例句:

  Li Dazhao was a pioneer of the Chinese revolution.

  李大钊是中国革命的先驱。

  volunteer n.志愿者

  例句:

  She now helps in a local school as a volunteer three days a week.

  她现在作为一名志愿者每周三天在当地一所学校帮忙。

  6.-er,-or:

  manufacturer n.制造商

  例句:

  All the goods are labelled with the address of the manufacturer.

  所有商品均标明了生产厂家的地址。

  survivor n.幸存者

  例句:

  Officials said there were no survivors of the plane crash.

  官方说这次飞机失事无一人生还。

  7.-ese:

  Chin(a) + ese→Chinese n.中国人;汉语

  例句:

  Remember you are a Chinese wherever you go.

  不论你到哪里,记住你是中国人。

  Japan + ese→Japanese n.日本人;日语

  例句:

  Not only did he speak English well,but he spoke Japanese more easily.

  他不但英语说得好,就连日语也讲得轻松自如。

  8.-(r)ess:

  host+ ess→hostess n.女主人

  例句:

  The hostess gave us a cordial greeting.

  女主人热忱地欢迎我们。

  act+ ress→actress n.女演员

  例句:

  The famous actress is now appearing at the Capital Theatre.

  目前这位著名女演员正在首都剧场演出。

  9.-ian:

  logic+ ian→logician n.逻辑学家

  例句:

  As the founder of pragmatism,firstly and mostly Peirce was a logician.

  作为实用主义的鼻祖,皮尔士首先和主要是一位逻辑学家。

  mathematic+ ian→mathematician n.数学家

  例句:

  Einstein is identified with a higher mathematician.

  爱因斯坦被列为高等数学家。

  10.-ist:

  drama+ (t)ist→dramatist n.剧作家

  例句:

  Shakespeare is,by common consent,the greatest English dramatist.

  莎士比亚被公认是英国伟大的剧作家。

  dent+ ist→dentist n.牙科医生

  例句:

  The dentist told the boy not to eat too many sweets.

  牙医告诫这男孩不要吃太多糖果。

  11.-ster:

  young+ ster→youngster n.年轻人

  例句:

  That youngster works with a will.

  这小伙子干活有股傻劲儿。

  gang+ ster→gangster n.歹徒

  例句:

  The police are hard on the track of the gangster.

  警察正在追踪那名匪徒。


所属类别:
英语培训职称英语培训

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