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2010公共英语四级经典练习及答案解析

http://en.eol.cn  来源:中国教育在线  作者:考试吧  2010-03-10    

 

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  PETS四级英语知识运用经典练习

  Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much has happened 21. As was discussed before, it was not 22 the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic 23, following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the 24 of the periodical. It was during the same time that the communications revolution 25 up, beginning with transport, the railways and leading 26 through the telegraph, the telephone, radio and motion pictures 27 the 20th century world of the motor car and the airplane. Not everyone sees that process in 28. It is important to do so.

  It is generally recognized, 29, that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, 30 by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, 31 its impact on the media was not immediately 32. As time went by, computers became smaller and more powerful, and they became personal too, as well as 33 , with display becoming sharper and storage 34 increasing. They were thought of, like people, 35 generations, with the distance between generations much 36.

  It was within the computer age that the term information society began to be widely used to describe the 37 within which we now live. The communications revolution has 38 both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about place and time, but there have been 39 views about its economic, political, social and cultural implications. Benefits have been weighed 40 harmful outcomes. And generalizations have proved difficult.

  21.[A]between[B]before[C]since[D]later

  22.[A]after[B]by[C]during[D]until

  23.[A]means[B]method[C]medium[D]measure

  24.[A]process[B]company[C]light[D]form

  25.[A]gathered[B]speeded[C]worked[D]picked

  26.[A]on[B]out[C]over[D]off

  27.[A]of[B]for[C]beyond[D]into

  28.[A]concept[B]dimension[C]effect[D]perspective

  29.[A]indeed[B]hence[C]however[D]therefore

  30.[A]brought[B]followed[C]stimulated[D]characterized

  31.[A]unless[B]since[C]lest[D]although

  32.[A]apparent[B]desirable[C]negative[D]plausible

  33.[A]institutional[B]universal[C]fundamental[D]instrumental

  34.[A]ability[B]capability[C]capacity[D]faculty

  35.[A]by means of[B]in terms of[C]with regard to[D]in line with

  36.[A]deeper[B]fewer[C]nearer[D]smaller

  37.[A]context[B]range[C]scope[D]territory

  38.[A]regarded[B]impressed[C]influenced[D]effected

  39.[A]competitive[B]controversial[C]distracting[D]irrational

  40.[A]above[B]upon[C]against[D]with

  答案精解

  名师精解

  文章前几句的大概内容是说,人们总是把20世纪电视的发展与15世纪和16世纪印刷术的传播相比较。然而其间有很多的事情发生。直到19世纪,伴随着小册子、书籍以及期刊的兴起,报纸才成为前电子时代主要的媒体。

  21.[A]

  根据句子前后逻辑关系和前一句时间状语的提示。between这里意思指20世纪与15世纪和16世纪之间。[B]before、[C]since和[D]later三项显然都不能全面表达这个意思。

  22.[D]

  根据是词组固定搭配。It was not until...直到……才……

  It is I that have lunch with my wife.It is lunch that I have sith my sife.

  It is with my wife that I have lunch.

  强调句型常和until混在一起

  直到早上九点商店才开门。The shop is not open until 9 o'clock.

  It is until 9 o'clock that the shop is not open.

  It is not until 9 o'clock that the shop is open.

  23.[C]

  medium 媒体media 媒体的总称24.[B]

  根据词义和搭配。in the company of伴随着,和……一起。[A]process过程,进程,后面搭配多是表示行动的词。[C]light用在短语in a new light以新的见解,come to light出现,显露。[D]form形式,形状。

  25.[B]

  gather up 聚集 work up 逐步建立

  pick up 接某人,捡…… speed up加速

  25题以后是分述,采用的是分词形式。

  26.[A]

  根据句子意思和词语搭配。on这里表示持续性,这句话意思是交通和通讯技术革命一直占据领先位置。

  27.[D]

  根据句子意思和词语用法。into表示时间进入20世纪

  28.[D]

  根据词语搭配和句子意思。perspective观点,看法,固定短语in perspective观察合理地,看法适当地。例子:Judge sb.'s role in perspective合理地评价某人的作用。[A]concept观念,概念。[B]dimension尺度,维度。[C]effect结果,效果。

  29.[C]

  根据句子意思和词语用法。however插入在句子中间,用逗号与句子前后隔开,表示转折,然而,可是。[A]indeed表示让步,当然,确实。[B]hence要与句子连用,不隔开,因此,从此。[D]therefore用在句子开头,It is generally recognaized 公认的是。30题所在的句子为插入成分29题所在的句子为一标准的判断句;而29题所在的地方为转折。

  30.[B]

  根据句子意思。followed伴随,随后。[A]brought、[C]stimulated和[D]characterize不符合句子意思。integrated circuit 集成电路 根据时间线索也只能为B。

  31.[D]

  根据句子逻辑关系。选项连接的两个句子表示让步关系。although(尽管,虽然)引导的从句中出现的否定词not可以看作是提示线索的标志词。[A]unless除非,表示条件。[B]since因为,既然,表示原因。[C]lest惟恐,以免,引导虚拟语气从句。

  32.[A]

  根据句子意思。apparent明显的。[B]desirable想要的,值得的。[C]negative消极的,否定的。[D]plausible似是而非的,似乎合理的。

  33.[A]

  根据句子逻辑关系和词义。institutional制度上的,与句子中personal相对。这里处在一种排比结构当中。修饰计算机的三个词是:smaller powerful personal[B]universal普遍的,通用的。[C]fundamental基础的,基本的。[D]instrumental工具性的。

  34.[C]

  根据是词语用法和搭配。storage capacity容量。[A]ability能力,才干。[B]cap实际能力,性能。[D]faculty才能,本领。

  with display becoming sharper 是独立主格结构

  分词结构:是跟在一句话之后的由分词开头的结构,它的左右是对前面的句子进行补充修饰说明。这个结构的特点是它一定有逻辑主语而且这个主语一定是前面句子的主语。考试论坛

  独立主格结构:跟在一个句子之后,对前面的句子进行补充修饰说明,其与分词结构的观点不同点在于,它有自己的主语而分词结构没有自己的主语。35.[B]

  根据句子意思和惯用法。in terms of就……而言,从……方面说。[A]by means of通过……方法(手段)。[C]with regard to关于。[D]in line with与……一致,符合……。 根据句子意思和词语修饰关系。smaller在句子中修饰distance。这里也是一个独立主格结构。主语是the distance[A]deeper、[B]fewer和[C]nearer都不能和distance构成修饰关系。

  37.[A]

  根据是句子意思和词义。前后夹击的结构,这两个词都表示范围,但是都只是表示平面的范围context 语境——社会大环境。[B]range范围,领域。[C]scope活动范围,机会,余地。[D]territory 表示一个疆域根据句子意思和词语搭配。influenced和主语revolution以及后面的三个宾语搭配,意思通顺。其他三项都不能兼顾这些修饰关系。[A]regarded当作,看作,重视。[B]impressed留下印象。[D]effected招致,实行,达到。effected 没有这个affect 影响(负面的影响)influenced 中性的影响39.[B]

  根据句子意思和词语用法。文章在这里进入了一个新的意群。这是个转折句,controversial views有争议的观点,不相同的看法。[A]competitive竞争的。competing 互相竞争[C]distracting分配的。[D]irrational无理性的,失去理性的。

  40.[C]

  根据句子意思和词语搭配。weighed在句子的意思是权衡,比较。

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