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2016SAT改革:新语法样题解析(一)

http://en.eol.cn  来源:  作者:北京新东方  2014-04-21    

 

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新SAT语法样题分析(一)

  新SAT语法要求以文章为背景,考查文章中单词,短语和语言的使用。

  [新SAT样题1]

  [. . .] The transportation planner’s job might involve conducting a traffic count to determine the daily number of vehicles traveling on the road to the new factory. If analysis of the traffic count indicates that there is more traffic than the current road as it is designed at this time can efficiently accommodate, the transportation planner might recommend widening the road to add another lane. [. . .] ?

  A) NO CHANGE

  ?B) current design of the road right now

  C) road as it is now currently designed

  D) current design of the road ?

  This question asks students to determine the most economical way to express an idea clearly. Students must recognize that only one choice (choice D, “current design of the road”) expresses the idea clearly?and concisely, whereas other choices introduce various redundancies (“current” and “at this time” in choice A, “current” and “right now” in

  本题选择D,主要考查简洁性,要求考生选择简明语言,这一点符合美国政府的官方语言需要简明的原则。这是老SAT常考的知识点。

  [新SAT样题2]

  [. . .] As Kingman developed as a painter, his works were often compared to paintings by Chinese landscape artists dating back to CE 960, a time when a strong tradition of landscape painting emerged in Chinese art. Kingman, however, vacated from that tradition in a number of ways, most notably in that he chose to focus not on natural landscapes, such as mountains and rivers, but on cities. [. . .]

  A) NO CHANGE

  B) evacuated

  C) departed

  D) retired

  This question asks students to determine which word makes the most sense in the context of a sentence from a passage about painter Dong Kingman. The best answer here is choice C because “departed” is the most contextually appropriate way to indicate that Kingman had deviated from the tradition of Chinese landscape painting in a number of ways. Each of the other choices also conveys a sense of “leaving,” but none is as effective in the sentence, as it would be both awkward and unconventional to describe a person as vacating, evacuating, or retiring from a tradition in a number of ways. In this sort of question, students must demonstrate not only facility with language in general but also skill in using language in particular contexts to convey meaning clearly and precisely.

  本题选择C, 考查单词,sat要求考生写作不仅要语法正确而且要求精确和清晰,这个题符合此要求,在老SAT中也有此知识点,例如:

  [作为对比的老SAT语法题目]

  For (A) any mayor of a vast metropolitan area, an understanding of (B) current issues in all districts is (C) not only desirous (D) but also vital. No error (E)

  本题是老SAT的题,考的是单词的用法,本题选择D,应该改为desirable, 词义更精确。

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