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雅思写作: 易范的语法错误解析

http://en.jybest.cn  小马过河    2015-10-10    

 

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  雅思写作易范的语法错误解析,备考雅思写作考试的过程中,考生不仅要掌握写作技巧,语法知识的巩固与加强也是不可缺少的。我们就来看看到底有哪些语法错误最容易常犯吧,下面就为大家介绍一二。

  1. 双谓语错句

  There be句型属于双谓语错句高发句型,因为句中的be动词已经是谓语,而句子后面的动词通常是定语从句中的成分,故不能作为主句中的谓语。

  如:Causes for this phenomenon are comprehensive but the major reasons contribute to this problem can be identified from three perspectives.

  应改成:

  Causes for this phenomenon are comprehensive but the major reasons contributing/which contribute to this problem can be identified from three perspectives.

  2. 句子不完整

  在口语中,交际双方可借助手势语气上下文等,不完整的句子完全可以被理解。可是书面语就不同了,句子结构不完整会令意思表达不清,这种情况常常发生在主句写完以后。

  例:There are many ways to know the society. for example by TV, radio, newspaper and so on.

  剖析:本句后半部分"for example by TV, radio, newspaper and so on.”不是一个完整的句子,仅为一些不连贯的词语,不能独立成句。

  改为:There are many ways to know society, for example, by TV, radio, newspaper.

  又如:The most popular kind of transport was by road.

  句中主语是the most popular kind of transport,谓语动词(系动词)是was,而by road按照语法应该是方式状语,此句缺乏表语。

  应改成:

  The most popular kind of transport was road.

  3. 主系表结构使用错误

  e.g. We are impossible to make any progress without correcting the mistakes.

  此句的主干结构是:we are impossible“我们是不可能”,表意不对。这种表达在英语中对应的句型是:It is…for…to…,所以应该改成:

  It is impossible for us to make any progress without correcting the mistakes.

  4. 情态动词后的动词原形和动名词的使用出错

  e.g. Another equally vital point to be considered is that building them may costs much money and energy.

  这种错误可能是笔误,在雅思作文中偶尔出现不至于扣分,但是通篇都是这样的错误,那么肯定是有影响的。

  e.g. Another point to be discussed is that more time spending on computers is harmful to children’s mental health.

  “花更多时间在电脑上”这个动词短语作为主语应该要用动名词形式:

  Another point to be discussed is that spending more time on computers is harmful to children’s mental health.

  5. 标点符号用错

  e.g. As far as I am concerned,people should take exercise and relax themselves on a weekly basis. Because it offers great opportunities to release their stress.

  Because引导的句子做原因状语从句,既然是从句,那么前面就不应该使用句号使其独立成句,而应该改成逗号,because首字母小写。

  6. 词性使用错误

  e.g. One possible solution is using the new energy to instead of the traditional energy.

  Instead of是介词,而这里构成to do(不定式),只能用动词。

  可改为:

  One possible solution is using the new energy to replace the traditional energy.

  e.g. Nowadays,some students study many subjects in university,which leadsto that they suffer great mental pressure.

  Lead to中to是介词,后面不能直接加句子,因此可在leads to后加一名词,构成同位语从句:

  Nowadays,some students study many subjects in university,which leads to the fact that they suffer great mental pressure. 或Nowadays,some students study many subjects in university,which makes them suffer great mental pressure.

  7. 从句的误用和滥用

  e.g. The reason why I assert it is necessary for government to provide better education and health care for rural areas because it can ensure all citizens to have access to them.

  “why…rural areas”在句中作the reason的定语,固定句式“the reason why…isthat…”why引导的定语从句和that引导的表语从句连用,气势磅礴,这就是所谓的高分句型。

  e.g. In this essay,I will discuss what those,who are two kinds of peoplein this topic,are how to think and how to choose. 实再迂回婉转,不知所云。

  8. 不一致

  所谓不一致不光指主谓不一致,它还包括了数的不一致时态不一致及代词不一致等。

  例: When one have money, he can do what he want to .

  (人一旦有了钱,他就能想干什么就干什么。)

  剖析:one是单数第三人称,因而本句的have应改为has ;同理,want应改为wants。本句是典型的主谓不一致。

  改为:Once one has money ,he can do what he wants (to do).

  9. 修饰语错位

  英语与汉语不同,同一个修饰语置于句子不同的位置,句子的含义可能引起变化。对于这一点中国学生往往没有引起足够的重视,因而造成了不必要的误解。

  例: I believe I can do it well and I will better know the world outside the campus.

  剖析:better位置不当,应置于句末。

  以上就是有关雅思写作语法错误的详细介绍,希望能给大家带来帮助。

 

 

 

 

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