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More Stars Discovered新的星球或将被发现

By Pallab Ghosh, BBC science correspondent

artist

A new planet might look like this

媒体英语会带大家一起学习BBC撰稿人在报道世界大事时常用到的单词和短语。

Background: 文学家发现宇宙中实际的星球数量比原先想象的要多三倍。《自然》期刊的最新研究称宇宙中的行星数量应该更多,有些或许和地球很相似。

Astronomers have assumed that the composition of all galaxies is the same as our own.

But using a new, more powerful instrument on the Keck telescope in Hawaii, researchers have discovered that older galaxies contain twenty times more small dim stars, called red dwarves, than younger galaxies such as our own.

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Doctor Marek Kukula of the Royal Greenwich Observatory describes what the view from a planet in an older galaxy might be like.

"When one of these galaxies that we now know contain lots and lots of small red stars, it may well be true that the night sky is dotted with these small red stars, glowing like embers, and that might produce a very pretty effect."

According to Professor Pieter van Dokkum of Yale University, the discovery also increases the estimate of the number of planets in the universe and therefore makes it even more likely that there's life somewhere else in the cosmos.

"There's been particular attention recently to these red dwarf stars. In one galaxy there's about a trillion of these stars and there's hundreds of billions of these galaxies. Even if the planet is quite close to the star, you could have liquid water on the planet, because the star is not as bright as the sun, and so a planet can be a lot closer and still be kind of balmy, rather than scorching hot."

The discovery that there are many more stars means that our universe is a much brighter, more crowded place than we previously thought.

Glossary 词汇表 (收听发音, 请单击英语单词)


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