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英语专四备考系列:作文摸板--解决问题/建议型

http://en.jybest.cn  沪江英语网    2012-12-24    

 

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  英语专四备考系列:作文摸板--解决问题/建议型。这类题型往往是给考生一个社会现象或者背景 ,让考生提出解决问题的方案 ,抑或是提建议想法,题干中的高频词汇如下 :

  one way to solve the problem

  the best way to ...

  ideas and suggestions

  典型真题

  (1998)

  It is now generally accepted that vehicles (cars, trucks, etc.) are a major source of air pollution in cities. You are to suggest only ONE way to solve the problem. One Way to Solve the Problem

  (2002)

  Nowadays people are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of health. And they have different ways to stay healthy. For example, some exercise every day; others try to keep a balanced diet. What do you think is the best way to stay healthy?

  The Best Way to Stay Healthy

  (2005)

  The Students’ Union of your university is planning to hold an arts festival next semester, and they are inviting students to contribute their ideas and suggestions as to how it should be organized or what should be included.

  My Idea of a University Arts Festival

  解题思路

  我们鼓励考生应该有新的构思、多彩的想法,当然也要避讳想法新颖但却无法用英语来表达的窘境。

  一般的模式是在引言段复述题干内容,直截了当提出自己的idea,点明自己即将要在后文阐述的这个建议或解决方案好在哪里,为什么特别推崇这个方案。接下来就是摆事实讲道理,最后把文章引入一个自然的总结段中即可。

  常用模板

  1. 问题解决型(如1998 ,2002)

  引言段 :复述题干中的背景

  a. -------- has become a hot topic among people, especially  among the young, and heated debates are right on their ways.

  b. Recently, -------- has become the focus of the society. And in this way, people swarm to -------- and serious problems follow.

  c. -------- has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought us a lot of benefits but created some serious problems as well.

  d.Nowadays more and more people are beginning to be aware of the seriousness of--------. I would like to suggest a way to solve the problem. We might as well (解决 的方案). It is necessary that we do so for the following reasons.

  主体段 :For one thing, (方案的优势1). (详细阐述) For another, (方案的优势2). (详细阐述) 或者有3种以上优势和理 由的,参考使用 :

  To begin with, then, furthermore, finally

  To start with, next, in addition, finally

  First and foremost, besides, last but not least

  Most important of all, moreover, finally

  总结段 :Above all, it is highly recommendable that we solve the problem in/through  ... for its advantages of A, B and C (这里再把理 由压缩一下叙述一遍).

  2. 建议型(如2005)

  引言段 :复述题干中的背景 ,I suggest that we should (把idea ,suggestion都亮 出来)

  主体段 :详细描述idea和suggestion ,阐明它们 的优势和作用 :

  By doing so, we could ...

  It is feasible and effective for the following reasons...

  In this way, not only can students ..., but also they are able to ...

  总结段:小结一下背景,I hope that my ideas and suggestions will contribute a lot to ...

 

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