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如何在不记忆的情况下学习

http://en.eol.cn  来源:  作者:  2009-10-12    

 

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 There are lots of ways you can learn creatively:

  你能以多种方式来创新的学习:

  1. Through Metaphor

  1. 通过发现事物相关联之处

  Connect ideas together by relating them to something you already understand. Relate complex physical equations to their real life counterparts. Imagine a derivative as the speedometer on a car. See a binomial equation as a game of Plink-O.

  通过你已经明白的知识与要学习的知识关联起来,以使知识连结在一起。复杂的物理方程,以现实生活中的例子与之相关联。想象一下,一个导数作为车上的车速计。将二次方程视作Plink-0这个游戏。

  You can do the same thing with less technical subjects. When I read the book The Prince, I related Niccolo Machiavelli’s thoughts on politics to my own social life. If you relate an abstract example to something more commonplace it is easier to understand. You are effectively creating a bridge between what you understand intuitively and the things you struggle with.

  你可以以更少的技术科目来做同样的事情。当我阅读《王子》这本书的时候,我将 Nicclo Machiaveli 的想法与我的生活关联在一起。如果你将一个抽象的例子关联到一些更为普遍的事物上,它将变得更为简单易懂。你有效的创建了一个你所直观了解与你不断斗争的事物之间的桥梁。

  2. Through Diagram

  2. 通过图解

  Create diagrams showing the relationships between ideas. This is a manual way you can create connections. The importance is that you explore as many different ways to connect ideas as possible, not just repeating the same diagrams. If you have varied connections, then if you happen to forget one, you’ll remember the ideas through another.

  画出一张表示知识之间的关系的图解。这是让你能创建知识之间的关联的方式,纯以手工的。重点在於,你尽可能的摸索关联你的知识的方式,而不仅是重复一样的图解。如果你用各式各样的知识连结然后如果你忘记其中之一,你将通过其他的知识连结来回忆起这个被你忘掉的知识。

  Diagram ideas based on time and place, author or other similarities they have. If you’re learning a comprehensive subject, like chemistry or physics, why not diagram out how all the ideas relate. Many equations are counterparts or derivations of each other, so you can learn complicated formulas more easily by connecting them to simpler forms.

  将知识转化为图例,是基于时间和地点、作者或其他不同知识间相类似的地方。如果你在学习综合科目,像化学或物理,何不将所有知识之间的关联画出来。许多方程式是相互印证或相互推到的,所以你能通过简单的方式将它们关联起来,以更轻松的学习复杂的方程式。

  3. Through “Like, But…”

  3. 通过“好像,不过……”

  Another way to link ideas is to relate one piece of information to another, noting their difference. “It’s like this, but it has that instead.” Using this method of understanding can link ideas together, even if you don’t have a perfect metaphor or relationship to diagram.

  另外一条关联知识的方法是,将一个知识与另外一个知识相关联起来,记录它们之间的不同点。“它是这样,但它有另外的替代。”使用这种模式去理解,能叫知识相关联起来,即使你没有一个完美的相关联之处或关系图。

  Examples:

  例子:

  * Confucius was born around the same time as Socrates, but lived in ancient China.

  * Amortization is like an asset version of a loan payment, except there’s no interest.

  * Acceleration is like gravity, but in any direction.

  *孔子与苏格拉底同时诞生,但生活在古代的中国

  *分期付款就像是支付贷款的资产的一个版本,除了它不需要支付利息

  *加速度与重力相似,但它没有方向

  The relationships don’t need to be perfect. You aren’t trying to build a perfectly accurate map of the surrounding, just a sketch. Creative connections, even if they are only 80-90% accurate are more memorable than dry connections that have 100% accuracy. If you understood the subject when you were learning it, then the specific accuracy of a metaphor won’t be as important as the connection itself.

  知识之间的关系不需要那么明确。你不用试图为周遭的事物去构建一个完美而精确的地图,只要像一个草图就好。创新性的连结,即使它们仅仅具备 80-90%的精度,也比枯燥无味的连结要好记的多。如果你已经明白你所学习的科目,那么知识与知识间连结的精度就不比知识连结本身重要。

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