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2013年重庆学位英语试题:语法考点分析

http://en.eol.cn  来源:  作者:中国教育在线  2012-12-27    

 

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  2013年重庆学位英语试题:语法考点分析

  英语中,名词与代词做主语与谓语在数应该保持一致,但在实际应用中很容易被忽视,尤其是主语和谓语之间出现分隔,故考试中经常考到主谓一致,现将主谓一致的考点归纳如下:

  考点一:复数原则:两个或者两个以上的名词由and连接作主语时,或主语由both … and … 连接时,谓语动词一般用复数。如:Both reading and writing are very important. (读写都很重要。)注意:当主语由and连结时,如果它表示一个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时,谓语动词用单数,and 此时连接的两个词前只有一个冠词。(考查重点)例如:

  The iron and steel industry is very important to our life. 钢铁工业对我们的生活有重要意义。(钢铁表示同一概念)

  The playwright and director was present at the party last night. 编剧兼导演出席了昨晚的宴会。 (指同一个人)  =>试比较: The playwright and the director were present at the party last night. 编剧和导演都出席了昨晚的宴会(指两个人)

  考点二:就近原则: 由 either … or … ; neither … nor …; not only…but also…; …or …; there be …等引导的主语,谓语动词与最邻近的主语保持一致。

  Not only the students but also their teacher is invited to attend the party. 不单是学生,他们的老师也被邀请到宴会。

  Either you or she is to go. 不是你去,就是她去。

  There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk. 桌上有一支笔、一把小刀和几本书。

  考点三:就远原则:当主语是由with, together with, like, except, but, no less than, as well as 等词组成的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语部分一致。例如:

  The teacher together with some students is visiting the factory. 教师和一些学生在参观工厂。

  My mother, as well as my two brothers, has a key to the office. 我母亲,还有我的两个哥哥都有一把办公室的钥匙。

  考点四:动名词、不定式、名词性从句做主语时,谓语用单数。

  What I said and did is of no concern to you. 我所说的与所做的与你没有关系。

  Reading three classical novels is an assignment for the students during the holiday. 阅读三篇古典小说是学生们的假期作业。

  To see is to believe. 眼见为实

  考点五:表示金钱,时间,价格或度量衡的复合名词作主语时,通常把这些名词看作一个整体概念,谓语一般用单数。

  One hundred dollars is a large sum for the poor. 一百美元对穷人来说是一笔大数目。

  Three weeks was allowed for making the necessary preparations. 用三个星期来做必要的准备。

  考点六:many a, more than one + 单数可数名词,尽管表示复数意义,但谓语仍用单数。

  Many a person has read the novel. 许多人读过这本书。

  More than one stranger agrees with me.

  考点七:由 every …and every …; each … and each…; no … and no…; many a …and many a … 等连接的并列主语,谓语动词用单数。

  Every man and every woman working here is getting along well with me.

  No difficulty and no hardship has discouraged him.

  考点八:用half of, most of, none of, heaps of, lots of, plenty of , the majority of等引起主语时,谓语动词的数通常与of后面的名词/代词保持一致。例如:

  Most of his money is spent on books. 他大部分的钱花在书上了。

  Most of the students are taking an active part in sports. 大部分学生积极参加体育运动。

  The majority of the students like English. 大部分学生喜欢英语。

  考点九:由some,any, no,every 构成的复合词如somebody, nothing, nobody, anything, everybody等不定代词作主语,谓语动词用单数;由each, every one, no one, either, neither, another, the other作主语时,谓语动词用单数;由either, neither, each, every修饰名词作主语时,谓语动词也用单数。如:

  Each of us has a tape-recorder. 我们每人都有录音机。

  Neither is satisfactory. 两者都不令人满意。

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