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世界真奇妙之蝙蝠 Bat

http://en.eol.cn  来源:  作者:外语教育网  2010-06-30    

 

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There are more than 800 types (scientists call them species) of bats all over the world! Some, called microbats, are very small, while megabats are the larger kind. One kind of megabat that lives in Africa and India even is called a "flying fox" because it's so large!

 

  · I live on all the continents in the world except Antarctica.
  · I like warm, tropical areas but can live anywhere it's not too cold. You might see me all over except in polar areas and islands I can't fly to.
  · I live in places like caves and hollow trees. I also might hang under the awnings of buildings.
  · My body is small and I have two thin wings. My legs are long with sharp claws for hanging.
  · I'm usually dark brown, but I also can be black, gray or shades of red.
  · I can be huge – more than 5 feet (about 1.5 meters) from wing to wing. Or very small – just more than 1 inch (about 2.5 centimeters) from the end of one wing to the end of the other.
  · Depending on where I live, I can be very light or quite heavy. When I'm lighter, I am one of the smallest mammals in the world.
  · I usually eat only insects but also might eat fruit and flower nectar. Sometimes I even feast on small birds, lizards and rodents like mice.
  · Because I can move around well in the air, few other animals really bother me. But I do have a hard time protecting myself from insect repellents that humans sometimes spray on plants.
  · I'm famous for sleeping during the day and flying at night. I "see" in the dark by using sound waves to figure out what's close and far away.

  译文

  蝙蝠——地图上涂棕色的地方是我的家

  有趣的常识:全世界有800多种(科学家称之为“物种”)蝙蝠!有一些蝙蝠称作“微型蝙蝠”,他们非常小,而“巨型蝙蝠”则比较大些。有一种巨型蝙蝠住在非洲和印度,人们甚至称之为“飞狐狸”,就是因为它太大了!

  ·除南极以外,我居住在世界上所有的大陆上。
  ·我喜欢温暖、热带的地区,但也能住在气候不太冷的任何地方。除了极地和我不能飞到的岛屿,你也许在世界各处都能看得到我。
  ·我住在山洞和树洞中,也可能挂在建筑物的遮阳棚下。
  ·我身体小巧,有两个薄薄的翅膀。我的腿长,且带有利爪,以利于悬挂。
  ·我通常是深棕色的,但也可能是黑色、灰色或暗红色。
  ·我可能很大!——展开双翼,超过5英尺(约1.5米);也可能很小一—从—个翼的末端到另一个翼的末端只有1英寸多(约2.5厘米)。
  ·根据我的居住地,我可能很轻,也可能很重。当我体轻时,我是世界上最小的哺乳动物之一!
  ·我通常只吃昆虫,但也吃水果和花蜜。有时我甚至享用小鸟、蜥蜴和象老鼠那样的啮齿动物。
  ·因为我能自如地在空中飞翔,几乎没有别的动物能真的打扰我。但我确实也有不好过的时候,就是保护自己免受有时人类喷洒在植物上的驱虫剂的侵害。
  ·我因白天睡觉,夜间飞行而闻名。在黑暗处,我通过声波来“看”并辨别什么在附近和远处。

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