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2013年公共英语二级阅读考前练习题(5)

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  The design of most houses throughout the world depends on the climate. People living in hot countries need their houses to be as cool as possible, while people in cold countries need their houses to be warm. The materials that people use to build their houses usually depend on what they can find around them. Stone, mud1, straw and wood are all natural materials that have been used to build houses for thousands of years. However, many modern houses are built from manmade materials such as steel and glass.

  The ancient Greeks built their houses from sun-dried mud bricks laid on stone. The roofs were covered with pottery tiles2. Rooms were built around an open yard so that cool air could build up and move through the rooms during hot days.

  Between 1000 A.D. and 1500 A.D., castles were built in Britain, France, Germany and many other European countries. Castles were built by important people such as kings and queens. They were not only great houses that the owners could show off to their friends, but also military3 bases with which the lands around them were defended.

  The Incas built their homes from large rocks from the nearby mountains. The rocks were fitted together and the thick walls protected them against the cold wind in winter.

  The Etruscans lived in western Italy around 2,500 years ago. Wealthy Etruscan families built luxurious4 palaces with beautiful bronze statues and mirrors.

  The Iroquois people lived in the forests of North America. They built their long-houses using wood covered with sheets of thick bark5. These houses were huge, and several families lived in each one.

  Notes:

  1. mud n.泥

  2. pottery tile 陶瓦

  3. military adj.军事的

  4. luxurious adj.奢侈的, 豪华的

  5. bark n.树皮

  1. Unlike other people, the ancient Greeks built _____.

  A. a lot of great castles to show off to their friends

  B. their houses on stone with sun-dried mud bricks

  C. their houses from large rocks from the mountains

  D. many luxurious palaces with beautiful decorations

  2. The Etruscans in western Italy and the people building castles in Europe were alike because _____.

  A. they built houses with beautiful bronze statues and mirrors

  B. they had military bases which they used to defend their lands

  C. they were very wealthy and built luxurious palaces or castles for themselves

  D. they built great houses so that they could show them off to their friends and relatives

  3. The Iroquois people living in North America differed from the other people because _____.

  A. the roofs of their homes were covered with pottery tiles

  B. their houses were built from steel and glass

  C. the walls of their houses protected them from the cold

  D. their houses were big enough for several families to live in each one

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