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2009年职称英语考试卫生类(B级)真题及答案

http://en.eol.cn  来源:  作者:  2012-02-09    

 

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  2009年度全国职称英语等级考试真题及答案卫生类(B级)

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 Would you please call my husband as soon as possible?

  A visit B phone

  C consult D invite

  2 We had a long conversation about her parents.

  A speech B question

  C talk D debate

  3 The chairman proposed that we stop the meeting.

  A stated B announced

  C demanded D suggested

  4 Obviously these people can be relied on in a crisis.

  A lived on B depended on

  C believed in D joined in

  5 There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a record.

  A beats B maintains

  C matches D tries

  6 All the pupils seem to be very cheerful.

  A happy B healthy

  C naughty D busy

  7 The traditional paintings are exhibited on the second floor.

  A laid B displayed

  C kept D stored

  8 She stood there,shaking with fury.

  A misery B laughter

  C anger D cry

  9 Mary evidently is the most diligent student among us.

  A intelligent B beautiful

  C talkative D hardworking

  10 Persistent attempts to interview Garbo were fruitless

  A Forceful B Reasonable

  C Continuous D Firm

  11 Why can't you stop your eternal complaining?

  A everlasting B long

  C temporary D boring

  12 Hundreds of buildings were wrecked by the earthquake.

  A shaken B damaged

  C fallen D jumped

  13 These paintings are considered by many to be authentic.

  A faithful B royal

  C genuine D sincere

  14 Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics.

  A attraction B simplicity

  C power D rigor

  15 Ten years after the event,her death still remains a puzzle.

  A mist B fog

  C mystery D secret

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C.

  Importance of Children's Oral Health

  February is National Children's Dental (牙齿的)Health Month,but in children good oral care is critical every day. The first comprehensive study on the nation's oral health,released recently by the Office of the U.S. Surgeon General,calls dental and oral diseases a “silent epidemic (流行病),” even in children. The report states that more than 51 million school hours are lost each year to dental-related illness. In fact,a recent study pointed to dental care as the most common unmet health need among American children.

  To help counter this,the American Academy of Periodontology (牙周病学)(AAP)is launching an effort to educate children and parents about the prevention of dental diseases in children.

  “This is important because oral problems can impact self-esteem for children and lead to problems of eating,speaking and attending to learning,” said Michael McGuire,president of the AAP.

  Common dental problems seen in children are cavities (龋洞)and gingivitis (龈牙),which are found in the majority of U.S. children. “When these problems are not caught early and treated,they can develop into more severe problems and cause unnecessary suffering,” said McGuire “However,much of the time,oral problems are avoidable problems.”

  In the Rio Grande Valley in Texas,a group of more than 120 dentists volunteers to deliver dental care to thousands of low-income children each year with its Mobile Dental Unit that travels from school to school.

  “According to the Surgeon General's Report,about 37 percent of children have not had a dental visit before starting school,” said McGuire. “When children don't see dentists they miss the opportunity to have problems caught early before they develop into larger,more expensive problems to treat,and parents miss the opportunity to learn how to promote good oral habits in their children.”

  16 Only in February should attention be paid to children's oral health

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  17 Dental and oral diseases are common in both adults and children

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  18 Boys miss more school hours each year due to dental-related illness

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  19 Oral problems in children can develop into more severe problems.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  20 Oral problems can not be avoided in any way

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  21 The low-income children are very grateful to the dentists.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  22 Some children have never seen a dentist before starting school.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1~4段每段1选择个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个勉励 子确定1个最佳选项。

  Cancer

  1 Cancer is a group of many related diseases that begin in cells,the body's basic building blocks. The body is made up of many types of cells Normally,cells grow and divide to produce more cells as they are needed to keep the body healthy. Sometimes,this orderly process goes wrong. New cells form when the body does not need them,and old cells do not die when they should The extra cells form a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor. Benign (~良性的)tumors are not cancer. They can often be removed and,in most cases,they do not come back Malignant (恶性的)tumors are cancer. Cells in malignant tumors are abnormal and divide without control or order.

  2 Scientists have learned that cancer is caused by changes in genes that normally control the growth and death of cells. Certain lifestyle and environmental factors can change some normal genes into genes that allow the growth of cancer. Many gene changes that lead to cancer are the result of tobacco use,diet,exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun,or exposure to carcinogens (致癌物)in the workplace or in the environment. Some gene alterations are inherited.

  3 Cancer treatment can include surgery,radiation therapy,chemotherapy (化疗),hormone therapy,and biological therapy. The doctor may use one method or a combination of methods,depending on the type and location of the cancer,whether the disease has spread,the patient's age and general health,and other factors. Because treatment for cancer can also damage healthy cells and tissues,it often causes side effects. Patients and doctors generally discuss the treatment options,weighing the likely benefits of killing cancer cells and the risks of possible side effects.

  4 Having cancer does not always mean having pain. Whether a patient has pain may depend on the type of cancer,the extent of the disease,and the patient's tolerance for pain. Most pain occurs when the cancer grows and presses against bones,organs,or nerves. Pain may also be a side effect of treatment. However,pain can generally be relieved or reduced with prescription medicines or over-the-counter drugs recommended by the doctor.

  23 Paragraph 1 。

  24 Paragraph 2 。

  25 Paragraph 3 。

  26 Paragraph 4 。

  A Does cancer always cause pain?

  B Can cancer be prevented?

  C What is cancer?

  D How common is cancer?

  E What causes cancer?

  F How is cancer treated?

  27 Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide without 。

  28 Gene alterations may be caused by 。

  29 Treatment for cancer may also bring about some 。

  30 Cancer patients may differ in their 。

  A prescription medicines

  B control or order

  C tolerance for pain

  D various factors

  E normal genes

  F side effects

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