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托福阅读近意词

http://en.eol.cn  来源:  作者:征服托福  2002-11-18    

 

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Moreover-additionally 
mean --- signify (还有一选项intend) 
merit 
masked 
monopolize form --dominate 
motif--pattern 
monitored--observed 
magnitude--extend 
minutely adv.详细地, 精密地 
minutely--finely 
minute --tiny 
minuscule--tiny 
modification--alteration(另有clarification), 
milestone--significant development 
monotonous--boring 

Note = record 
nature--character 
notwithstanding --despite 
note--record 

outbreak = sudden increase(improved, upsetted, 另两个我忘了) 
obscure=conceal 答案有干扰选项diminish 
occasion-event 
outlet 出口,出路 
occasion-event 
obscured- conceal 
obtain --acquire 

"prosperous"--wreathy, 
premise = assumption 
parcel out= distribute 
procurement= obtain 
practical/predictable/great-----p*midable(practical, not very sure)? 
came from a article: the American army in 1776, ----conquer pumidable 
difficulties---- 
prohibited = extremely 
pare away --- remove 
Pattern (n. 式样, 格调, 图案 vt. 根据图形模仿,仿造 = match, imitate) 
Pinnacle = high point 
Pledge (保证, 誓言) = Promise 
practically (几乎,差不多) = nearly 
Predicament 困境 
Premise 前提 v. 假设 =assume 
Previous = Past 
Primitive (原始的,早期的,朴实无华的) = early 
Principal = dominant 
Principle = rule 
procure ( 获得,取得 acquire, obtain/ 实现,完成 = bring about, effect, 
procure a solution) 
primitive: early 
purchase==grip vt.买, 购买 n.买, 购买 
当时选了 benifit,认为是好处之意,现在想来,还是grip(抓住)更好 
principle (two times) 1 noun form i guess means-- rule 
principal--main 
proximity--closeness 
procurement--obtain 
Procure===obtain 
pore--hole 
prior ----- past 
predicament: difficult situation 
predicament--serious situation 
perspective, n.透视画法, 透视图, 远景, 前途, 观点, 看法, 观点, 观察 
protruding--projecting 
punctual 
Punctual----没有直接对应选项(carefully(my key 表示时间精确 not sure) 
potential--possible 
presumable--probably 
primary--dominant 
previously--before 
pronounced--strong 
pose==present

eserve == save 
Radical (基础的,根本的) = fundamental (radical = drastic) 
Rather than = instead of 
refine 
Remedy (治疗)= cure, 
rigorous schedule = demanding 
(rigorous 严格的,严厉的 demanding 要求高的,苛求的 如 :a demanding job ) 
Rival = competitor 
"ramification"--consequence; 
ramification--consequence 
redundancy 
remarkable--incredible 
revolutionous--quick discarding 
revolutional --quick discarding/(我选了change,回来查字典发现我错了) 
revolution--dramatical change 
rigorous--demanding. 
refreshing--unusual 
relevant adj.有关的, 相应的 
ritual n.典礼, (宗教)仪式, 礼节 adj.典礼的, (宗教)仪式的 
rupture--burst 
radical--extreme 
remote--far away 

shortage照反义词 
spontaneous = unplanned 
sacred = holy 
subject to = vulnerable to 
susceptible to = prone to 
succession----series 
sparse,文中着反义词 rich 
scrap=fragment 
set in motion = start (使 开始运转, 如 set the plan in motion) 
Severe = harsh 
SHIFT 
share = proportion (proportion 比例, 均衡, 面积, 部分vt.使成比例, 使均衡, 分
摊) 
silhouette = outline (silhouette n.侧面影象, 轮廓) 
Simultaneous (同时发生的)= at the same time 
Site 
Solicit = request (solicit v.恳求 ,请求) 
Specified (详细说明) = stated 
a matter of speculation (思索,推测,投机)= supposition (speculation的同义
词) 
stunning = dramatically(不?定) 都在句中? (stunning: very surprising, very 
impressive ,另人印象深刻的; dramatically: 有戏剧表现力的,引人注目的) 
sturdy = strong 
subsequent (后来的,随后的) = later 
supplant = replace 
Susceptible to (容易….的): prone to 
settle down 
stem from --- grow out of 
set in motion的同义词,选项有start等 
Webster地解释比较好: 
to give impulse to <sets the story in motion vividly Howard Thompson> 
shift 
specified : stated 
silhouette =outline 
solicit==request 
severe--harsh 
sacred--holy 
strict 
staple--important 
simultaneous 
soaked--absorbed 
split--divided 
scorching--exceeding hot 
site--location 
stay 
singularly--particularly 
stint 紧缩节省 
slightest 最轻微的 
sparingly 节俭地 
spur--stimulus 
staggering 惊人的,巨大的 
stunned--hindered 
stunt v.阻碍...发育, 妨碍...生长, 作惊人表演, 使绝招 n.发育迟缓, 矮小的人(或
物), 惊人表演, 绝技 
sumptuous--luxurious 
seek 
shield--protect 
shrink < > spread(反义) 
significant-- meaningful (obvious is not right) 
spawn--create 
spot--identify 
snap--break 
shied away from--avoid 

"tangible"---physical 
tracts (of land) = area 
?=take advantage of 
Tangible = material 
teasers (爱戏弄人的人/ 难题 a puzzling problem) 
tip 舌尖 
Transfer = move 
tricky (狡猾的,棘手的,difficult) 
tendency==inclination 
teemed with--were full of 

Underlying = inner (underlying adj.在下面的, 隐含的 ,implicit 如 underlying 
meaning) 
underpinning (基础, 支柱, 支撑 a support or foundation) 
Unqualified (不合格的,无限制的,绝对的) = complete 
utilitarian = functional (文中选) (utilitarian adj.功利的, 实利的, 功利主义的
n.功利论者 ) 
unqualified =complete; 
utilitarian =functional 
universally--without exception 
unrestricted--unlimited 
undergone--experienced 
uniform 

vigorous = strong 
vexing = difficult (not sure) (vex: 使恼怒,使痛苦, puzzle, annoy) 
volatile-- 
vast--immense 
vast--great 
vehicle--means 
variability==tendency to change 

withstand==persist >avoid/persist? 原文是:...brick withstood the 
weathering for a long time... 
withstand=resist 
wear--use 
whatever --in any case/ at any rate/at all event 
wary--cautious 
way station--stop 

?= yet 选项还有however / in addition. 
yield--provide 

====================================== 

pp中的单词替换 
game-->animals teemed with-->were full of 
pronounced-->strong fragment-->break up 
establishment-->formation consequently-->therefore 
heighten-->increase previously-->before era-->period 
driven-->pushed poses-->presents 
variability-->tendency to change 
substantially-->significantly monitored-->observed 
capable of using-->able to use shift-->change 
forsook-->left 
signature-->identifying characteristics 
standardized-->uniform 
orientation-->arrangement terrain-->ground delineate-->outline 
prescribing-->assigning promotes-->contributes to 
indicators-->signs obviously-->clearly components-->elements 
common-->shared broad-->general overlapping-->sharing characteristics 
compelled-->forced stumbled upon-->accidental adapted-->modified 
tedious-->tiresome facilitating-->easing freezing-->halting 
contexts-->settings accommodate-->allow for pounding-->hitting 
conspicuous-->noticeable assess-->evaluate 
toxin-->poison diverge-->move apart depicted-->presented 
precision-->accuracy obvious-->clear feed-->satisfy 
sources-->supplies means-->methods flourishing-->thriving 
univerisally-->without exception anxious-->eager 
at bay-->under control soaked up-->absorded split-->divided 
scorching-->exceedingly hot attributed-->credited 
successive-->subsequent stimulates-->causes scarcity-->shortage 
encourageed-->promoted vast-->great affords-->provides 
remote-->far away available-->obtainable vehicle-->means 
in essence-->basically constitutes-->consists of 
gradually-->little by little diminished-->reduced 
diversity-->variety expanses-->areas prior-->past 
acceleration-->speeding up essential-->fundamental 
outgroeth-->result incentive-->motive impede-->obstruct 
severe-->large convert-->transform magnitude-->extent 
beneficial-->advantageous envisioned-->conceived of 
scan-->examine orbiting-->revoling power-->strength 
cases-->situations exhibit-->show unusual-->uncommon 
thus-->consequently constant-->continued sequence-->succession 
attain-->reach on the other hand-->however solitary-->lone 
rotates-->turns allocates-->designates spoken for-->claimed 
status-->position in its own right-->independent 
conceiving-->imagining support-->sustain alternative-->option 
sequence-->order periodic-->regular elsewhere-->in other places 
hampering-->restricting accelerated-->speeded up 
subjected to-->placed under adjacent-->nearby account for-->explains 
roughly-->approximately puzzle-->question convert-->transform 
spend-->use practical-->realistic critical-->important 
tracing-->following vital-->important components-->parts 
occasionally-->sometimes aquatic-->marine apparently-->seemingly 
conveys-->communicatates reacting-->responding repel-->ward off 
waves-->groups rocked-->moved capital-->money prevailing-->dominant 
laden-->filled split-->divided anticipated-->expected 
liabilities-->limitations compelling-->powerful nature-->quality 
reinforced-->strengthened discovers-->learns result-->consequence 
dislodge-->remove tasks-->responsibilities forage for-->hunt for 
dissemination-->spread advocating-->recommending 
little more than-->simply mere-->insignificant flavor-->essence 
dispersal-->distribution segment-->part complex-->elaborate 
proposed-->hypothesized variation-->change subsequently-->afterward 
inquiring-->curious alternative-->different reproduce-->copy 
adorn-->decorate suggests-->indicates refined-->perfected 
pinnacle-->high point recurred-->reappeared 
rather-->instead at least-->at the minimum accompany-->join 

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